Neo-analogue products for urban space
Claudia Müller-Birn, Freie Universität Berlin – Perspective Computer Science
Thomas Ness, Weißensee Academy of Art Berlin – Perspective Design
Judith Glaser, Weißensee Academy of Art Berlin – Perspective Design
People have been living in cities for more than 8000 years. During these millennia, cities have grown to become probably, the most complex thing man has designed (Rogers, 1995). The UN predicts that by the year 2050, up to 68 % of the world’s population will live in urban areas.
Cities can be understood as superorganisms (Girardet 1999) that embody life in a collective sense. Their structures and processes are versatile and interwoven at different levels. Yet, the way in which most of our present-day needs are served resembles a system of infinite throughput without recycling or feeding loops to the places resources initially came from (Dobbelsteen, 2012).
Increasing digitization is also affecting cities. In the field of HCI research, intelligent, sustainable, and interlinked urban environments are now being under investigation. At the heart of a so-called „Smart City“ are networks of mobile devices, sensors, actuators, and intelligent algorithms that collect and analyze urban data in real-time (Freeman et al., 2019). However, purely technologically focused approaches usually fail because the specific needs of the city and its inhabitants are neglected.
As cities should not only be seen as physical spaces or geographical containers for social and technical phenomena, designing for a Smart City is more than implementing urban computing technologies (Paulos & Goodman, 2004) and developing more sophisticated data analysis. Cities function as finely tuned psycho-geographic units that influence the perception, psychological experience and behavior of their residents (Dobbelsteen, 2012). Urban Informatics, therefore, focuses on the social and human impact of technology (Freeman et al., 2019).
We want to foster the new culture of the neo-analogue, by developing strategies for a Smart City which involve meaningful intersections between people, places, stories, purposes and technologies. These meaningful intersections can only be achieved if the identity of the city of Berlin is taken into account.
The project entity:city intends to reveal, explore, and design these intersections. Focusing on Richard Roger’s ideal of a city as „the cradle of civilization, the engine of culture, and the inspiration for community and citizenship,“ new interfaces are created that take the identity of a city into account, i.e., how inhabitants and visitors experience the city.
In interdisciplinary teams of students of the Freie Universität Berlin and the Weißensee Academy of Art and in cooperation with the cluster of excellence Matters of Activity and the CityLab Berlin, concepts at the border between the digital and the physical are developed. By enriching objects with digital content, neo-analogue products have been created that explore new forms of interaction between human, material and code.
Katharina Bellinger, Design
Jacob Sasse, Design
Mattis Obermann, Design
Tim Feige, Computer Science
Marisa Nest, Computer Science
Aktiv Labor combines modern technologies with familiar gestures, creating an interactive toolkit for schoolchildren to learn about traffic safety. It aims to improve the learning experience for primary school children through neo-analog tools, equipping them at a key age when their sensory perceptions are improving and they are gaining increasing independence. Aktiv Labor’s three independent neo-analog tools can be used to teach various skills, and can be adapted to the needs of different age groups.
Nils Juenke, Design
Johannes Müller, Design
Lorenz Ohly, Computer Science
Fabian Rüb, Computer Science
Ludwig Trinkwalder, Computer Science
Berlin. Over the course of more than 100 years one of the oldest subway systems in the world has grown organically with its surroundings. As passenger numbers exploded in recent years, older trains had to be brought back into service to cope with the growing demand. Improvements to the U-Bahn are introduced gradually – the idea that Berlin transport authority BVG would introduce a whole new fleet at once is unrealistic. Any solution must be cost-effective and build on existing infrastructure. Nevertheless, the current situation is causing unnecessary friction. Project Firefly has determined the key ‚pain points‘ that really grate on passengers – friction builds station by station, resulting in delayed trains and passenger stress. We propose a way to reduce this friction and avoid its knock-on effects, by simply distributing data and passengers more evenly.
Firefly is a lighting solution that provides passenger information in an immediate way, appealing to human instincts. Making use of data input from previous stations, the firefly modules first light up to indicate exactly where the train will stop, notifying passengers ahead of time whether or not they are standing in range. Once they are on board, the remaining capacity of personal space inside the train carriage is measured and then communicated to passengers in the oncoming station, motivating them to seek out less crowded areas. This visual communication of the data encourages passengers to disperse more evenly across the train and platforms, which should positively impact customer experience and prevent delays. The modules fit onto the existing track infrastructure, functioning as an easy add-on element to any station. Firefly’s installation could serve as a beta-testing phase to test this hypothesis and gather valuable data for future use cases, in order to assess the value this simple data-driven design solution could contribute, to both passengers and BVG.
Antonia Nandori, Design
Cindy Peng, Design
Tanita Daniel, Computer Science
Felix Doege, Computer Science
Michael Pluhatsch, Computer Science
Kieztalk aims to strengthen the sense of community and represent the true diversity of life in urban areas. Stories collected over time can be archived in local museums, preserving the recent history of a place. It’s people who make the city what it is, so it’s only right that the story of a place is told by those who know it best.
LOOK LEFT converts this local knowledge into a valuable solution that educates the next generation of smart city inhabitants and prevents accidents. Teenagers take part in a project week, where they learn to build smart devices to help improve local traffic safety. These young adults are to become the new safety ambassadors for their neighborhood – urging their community to „look left“, while the devices they built capture and share valuable data.
Over 5 days, the young city-dwellers get to grips with traffic dangers in their neighbourhood. The project group gets a DIY electronics kit, with which they build and program a modified traffic cam based on the OpenDataCam Project by Moovel Lab and a warning device that has an LED panel and an Arduino at its core. These are then installed in local streets to monitor these issues and warn fellow pedestrians. The workshop group takes responsibility for monitoring and uninstalling the devices, which are designed for disassembly, so they get sent back for re-use. Any issues with the project can be highlighted on the ‚Look Left‘ website, and this feedback helps to improve future iterations.
LOOK LEFT should not only make the streets of Berlin a little safer, but it’s DIY format also offers the next generation of smart city inhabitants an opportunity to learn how to code and build their own smart technologies, how to engage with their environment, take responsibility for it, and consider how to shape its future design.
Some residents are already involved in the consultation process, but typically an imbalance emerges when recruiting. Various groups are often underrepresented: women, the very young and very old, people with less formal education, and first or second generation immigrants. Some of the reasons for this are language barriers, doubts about their own competence and lack of time to participate. Online surveys, while more inclusive in theory, are manually evaluated, therefore the number of participants is limited to avoid high processing costs. This results in consequential errors, and ultimately means that the wishes of many local residents are not taken into consideration when undertaking new public construction projects.
VOTA combines analog and digital elements to simplify the process of data collection and make participation in planning processes more attractive and enjoyable.
A large-format poster attracts the attention of regular passers-by, encouraging you to notice a site up for development. A smart column sends a signal to your smartphone to load a simple, image-based survey interface. The survey is quick to complete, and automatically evaluates your response. It also shows current results and asks you for participation in further planning stages. Stickers are then dispensed from the column to visualize your preferences, and you can stick these onto the poster to express your opinion in a creative way – the resulting collage thereby invites more passers-by to take part.